quranjp - 65. 離婚 (アッ・タラーク)                                                 At-Talâq سورة الطلاق マディーナ啓示 12節
In the Name of Allâh, the Most
Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

 O Prophet (SAW)! When you divorce women, divorce them at their 'Iddah (prescribed periods), and count (accurately) their 'Iddah (periods ). And fear Allah your Lord (O Muslims), and turn them not out of their (husband's) homes, nor shall they (themselves) leave, except in case they are guilty of some open illegal sexual intercourse. And those are the set limits of Allah. And whosoever transgresses the set limits of Allah, then indeed he has wronged himself. You (the one who divorces his wife) know not, it may be that Allah will afterward bring some new thing to pass (i.e. to return her back to you if that was the first or second divorce).

 

 2. その期限が満了した時は,立派に留めるか,または立派に別れなさい。そしてあなたがたの中から公正な2人の証人を立て,アッラーに向い証言させなさい。これは,アッラーと最後の日を信じる者に与えられた訓戒である。またアッラーを畏れる者には,かれは(解決の)出ロを備えられる。

 

Then when they are about to fulfil their term appointed, either take them back in a good manner or part with them in a good manner. And take for witness two just persons from among you (Muslims). And establish the witness for Allah. That will be an admonition given to him who believes in Allah and the Last Day. And whosoever fears Allah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty).

 

 3. かれが考えつかないところから,恵みを与えられる。アッラーを信頼する者には,かれは万全であられる。本当にアッラーは,必ず御意を完遂なされる。アッラーは凡てのことに,一定の期限を定められる。

 

 And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine. And whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him. Verily, Allah will accomplish his purpose. Indeed Allah has set a measure for all things.

 

 4. あなたがたの妻の中,月経の望みの無い者に就いてもし疑いを抱くならば,(命じられた)定めの期間は3ヶ月である。(まだ)月経の無い者に就いても(同様である)。妊娠している者の場合,その期間はかの女が重荷をおろすまでである。本当にアッラーを畏れる者には,かれは事を容易になされる。

 

 And those of your women as have passed the age of monthly courses, for them the 'Iddah (prescribed period), if you have doubts (about their periods), is three months, and for those who have no courses [(i.e. they are still immature) their 'Iddah (prescribed period) is three months likewise, except in case of death]. And for those who are pregnant (whether they are divorced or their husbands are dead), their 'Iddah (prescribed period) is until they deliver (their burdens), and whosoever fears Allah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make his matter easy for him.

 

 5. これはアッラーが,あなたがたに下された命令である。アッラーを畏れる者には,かれはその諸悪を払われ,かれに対する報奨を増大されるであろう。

 

That is the Command of Allah, which He has sent down to you, and whosoever fears Allah and keeps his duty to Him, He will remit his sins from him, and will enlarge his reward.

 

 6. かの女たちを,あなたがたの暮している所であなたがたの力に応じて住まわせなさい。かの女らを窮屈にして,困らせてはならない。もし妊娠しているならば,出産するまでの費用を,かの女たちに与えなさい。もしかの女たちがあなたがたのため(子)に授乳する場合は,その報酬を与え,あなたがたの間で,正しく相談しなさい。あなたがた(夫婦)がもし話がまとまらなければ,外の女が授乳してもよい。

 

 Lodge them (the divorced women) where you dwell, according to your means, and do not treat them in such a harmful way that they be obliged to leave. And if they are pregnant, then spend on them till they deliver. Then if they give suck to the children for you, give them their due payment, and let each of you accept the advice of the other in a just way. But if you make difficulties for one another, then some other woman may give suck for him (the father of the child).

 

 7. 裕福な者には,その裕福さに応じて支払わせなさい。また資力の乏しい者には,アッラーがかれに与えたものの中から支払わせなさい。アッラーは,誰にもかれが与えられた以上のものを課されない。アッラーは,困難の後に安易を授けられる。

 

 Let the rich man spend according to his means, and the man whose resources are restricted, let him spend according to what Allah has given him. Allah puts no burden on any person beyond what He has given him. Allah will grant after hardship, ease.

 

 8. どんなに多くの町が,主とかれの使徒たちの命令に背いたことであろう。それでわれは厳しく清算し,みせしめの懲罰でかれらを罰した。

 

 And many a town (population) revolted against the Command of its Lord and His Messengers, and We called it to a severe account (i.e. torment in this worldly life), and shall punish it with a horrible torment (in Hell, in the Hereafter).

 

 9. こうしてかれらは,その行いの悪い結果を味わい,最後には結局滅亡した。

 

 So it tasted the evil result of its disbelief, and the consequence of its disbelief was loss (destruction in this life and an eternal punishment in the Hereafter).

 

 10. アッラーはかれらのために,厳しい懲罰を準備なされる。だから信仰し,思慮ある人びとよ,アッラーを畏れなさい。アッラーは,確にあなたがたに教訓を下され,

 

 Allah has prepared for them a severe torment. So fear Allah and keep your duty to Him, O men of understanding who have believed! - Allah has indeed sent down to you a Reminder (this Quran).

 

 11. 使徒を遣わした。かれがアッラーの印をあなたがたに読誦し,明白に解明するのは,信仰して善行をなす者を,暗黒の深みから光明の中に導き出すためである。凡そアッラーを信仰して善行に勤しむ者は,下に川が流れる楽園に入らされ,永遠にその中に住むのであろ。本当にアッラーは,かれらのために善い御恵みを下される。

 

(And has also sent to you) a Messenger (Muhammad SAW), who recites to you the Verses of Allah (the Quran) containing clear explanations, that He may take out, those who believe and do righteous good deeds from the darkness (of polytheism and disbelief) to the light (of Monotheism and true Faith). And whosoever believes in Allah and performs righteous good deeds, He will admit him into Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), to dwell therein forever. Allah has indeed granted for him an excellent provision.

 

 12. アッラーこそは,7層の天と同様に(7層の)大地を,創造なされた方である。(アッラーの)御命令はそれらの間から下って来る。それで,本当にアッラーは,凡てのことに全能であり,またアッラーの御知識が,凡ての事物を確かに包囲なされることを,あなたに分からせるためである。

 

It is Allah Who has created seven heavens and of the earth the like thereof (i.e. seven). His Command descends between them (heavens and earth), that you may know that Allah has power over all things, and that Allah surrounds (comprehends) all things in (His) Knowledge.